It is an inflammatory skin disorder which affects the face, torso, and scalp. Typically it presents with itchy, flaky, red skin, and scaly. It mainly affects the sebaceous gland regions of the skin. In adults and adolescents, it generally presents as scalp scaling like dandruff or like mild erythema.
There are no exact known causes of Seborrheic Dermatitis. But it seems like it is a combination of factors, such as;
- Your genes
- Certain medicines or medical conditionsDry, cold weather.
- Yeast that usually lives on the skin.
It is not caused by an allergy or being unhygienic. Adults aged 30-60 years and newborns are more likely to get it. It’s common in people who have oily skin.
Other medical conditions that will raise the risk of getting it include;
- Eating disorders
- Stroke recovery
- Heart attack
- Parkinson’s disease
Cradle cap and dandruff are the common terms used to refer to Seborrheic Dermatitis. Newborn babies often get cradle cap, brown scales or crusty yellow on their scalp. Then it goes away before reaching a year old it might come back when they reach teenage years.
You may get it on your face, commonly on your eyelids, around your nose or even behind your ears. It may show up on the other body parts to like;
- Below the breasts
- On the buttocks
- In skin folds on legs and under arms
- Around the navel
- In the middle region of the chest
The skin can burn, itch, or even look red. The scales that crumble off might be yellowish or white and look oily or moist.
For it can appear like other skin conditions, one should see a dermatologist to get a right diagnosis and treatment. The dermatologist will carry tests on your skin.
Sometimes, it will clear up by its self, it’s a lifelong issue that flares and clears. It can last for a long time even years, but one can manage it with good skin care.
For adults they can use a dandruff shampoo that contains any of the following key ingredients:
Ketoconazole, Coal tar, Zinc pyrithione, Selenium sulfide, Salicylic acid.
For infants they can scalp daily with baby shampoo and warm water. If this does not help talk with a pediatrician on medicated shampoo before you use one. A dandruff shampoo might irritate your baby.
- First soften the thick patches, then rub mineral oil onto the affected areas and gently brush with a hairbrush to peel off the scales.
- On the body and face, keep the affected regions clean, wash with water and soap daily. Sunlight can prevent the growth of the yeast on your skin, so outdoor exercises or being out door can make the rash to go away. Other treatments are such as: medicated shampoos, anti fungal products, sulfur products and corticosteroid lotions. The best results will come up as a result of both the lifestyle and medication.
If the condition persists, or the affected areas become red, painful, pus starts to drain or even swollen, then what you need is to see your doctor immediately.