All About Electrolysis Hair Removal Technique

Published by:

When it comes to hair removal methods, electrolysis is widely acknowledged as the best way to remove unwanted hair permanently. After all, it is the only method that has been approved by the FDA for removal of unwanted hair on a permanent basis. No other hair removal procedure is truly ‘permanent’.

This treatment takes a long time as compared to the other popular alternatives but it is found to be highly effective for most patients. However, it is important to keep in mind that even this does not guarantee complete removal of unwanted hair.

The goal of this procedure is to completely destroy the hair follicles so that there is no future hair growth. To achieve this, electric current is passed through each hair follicle with the help of a very fine electrode shaped like a needle. There are many different types of electrolysis processes including thermolysis, galvanic and blend.

Take note that electrolysis is only effective when current is passed through the hair follicle in its growth stage. This is the reason that multiple sessions are needed by the patients to destroy the hair in the growth phase.

One of the biggest advantages of this method is that it is the most effective among all the other treatments available today. It removes hair on a permanent basis in most of the cases and slows down hair growth in other cases. Another big advantage is that it’s highly effective for people of darker skin tone who cannot get good results from laser and IPL.

There are no permanent side effects noted and it has been used for more than 100 years successfully. It can be effectively used for most of the body areas including breasts, thighs, legs, abdomen, face and eyebrows. The only disadvantage of this method is that it takes a lot of sessions for it to be effective.

Most of the people need anywhere from 15 to 30 sessions. It also costs a lot and takes a lot of time. Sometimes, skin may also be discolored if the professional doing the treatment is not well trained.

This process is performed by a well-trained professional who is called electrologists. As mentioned above, the expertise of this professional plays a very important role in the effectiveness of this treatment. It is important that you check out the qualifications of the professional before choosing one. Most of the states require them to be certified or licensed.

Most places that offer this form of treatment offer free consultation. Therefore, you should make use of this free consultation to ask any queries that you may have about the procedure including qualifications and experience of the professional who is going to perform it.

Some places also make use of electronic tweezers or other equipment such as photo epilators for removing hair but that process is not electrolysis. Therefore, do ask around and check the reviews before you decide to sign on the dotted line.

Facial Hair Removal

Published by:

One of the most difficult things that you can do as a female is to remove unwanted facial hair, especially hair that is above your lip, as well as hair that is growing too thick around your eyebrows.

Top Three Facial Hair Removal Tips

There are three ways that you can safely remove this hair without having to worry about it coming back darker than before, treatments that have been around for many years. Obviously, you would not want to shave the hair off as this has been proven to increase the density of the hair that you have just removed. Follow these three tips and you will be on your way to having a hair free face, or at least having less unwanted hair with techniques that are easy and pain-free to use.

Follow these three tips and you will be on your way to having a hair free face, or at least having less unwanted hair with techniques that are easy and pain-free to use.

Using Depilatories Or Hair Removal Creams

The first thing that you should do for hair that is a bugger that is to use what are called depilatories. These products are designed with a strong alkaline base that will effectively break the hair down. You can leave this on for several minutes, and it is simply wiped off using a moist cloth. Although the results will only last for a few days, it provides you with the benefit of not aggravating your skin or promoting thicker more robust hair from developing.

Removing Unwanted Eyebrow Hair

There’re a couple of ways that you can remove hair from your eyebrows, one of which is plucking your eyebrows which is very common with most people today. The other way is using an ancient method called threading which can be just as effective. This is something that is used instead of waxing, the most popular way for removing unwanted eyebrow hair. It takes a little bit of skill, and because it uses no chemicals  and is very inexpensive, many people turn to this solution, especially if they have very thick eyebrows.

IPL Laser Hair Removal Treatments

The best way to remove hair, though it is very expensive, is to use what is called intense pulsed light. This is a form of hair removal that uses a laser which is directed at the hair follicle itself, and works best with people that have dark hair and that have a fair complexion. The reason is that the laser targets darker pigments and therefore having a darker complexion (or lighter colored hair) is going to be more difficult for this process to work. There are devices that you can purchase that you can use at home, some of which are made by a company called Tria that have produced excellent results. Otherwise, you will have to go into a clinic where a dermatologist will use expensive laser treatments to accomplish the same goal. It just depends on how much money you have to work with, and whether or not you would prefer doing this on your own.

These are just a few of the top solutions for removing facial hair, ones that are used by thousands of women every day. As long as you are able to be consistent, you should be able to maintain a proper appearance using either laser treatments, threading or depilatories.

What is Seborrheic Dermatitis?

Published by:

It is an inflammatory skin disorder which affects the face, torso, and scalp. Typically it presents with itchy, flaky, red skin, and scaly. It mainly affects the sebaceous gland regions of the skin. In adults and adolescents, it generally presents as scalp scaling like dandruff or like mild erythema.

Causes

There are no exact known causes of Seborrheic Dermatitis. But it seems like it is a combination of factors, such as;

  • Your genes
  • Stress
  • Certain medicines or medical conditionsDry, cold weather.
  • Yeast that usually lives on the skin.

It is not caused by an allergy or being unhygienic. Adults aged 30-60 years and newborns are more likely to get it. It’s common in people who have oily skin.

Other medical conditions that will raise the risk of getting it include;

  • Alcoholism
  • Eating disorders
  • Stroke recovery
  • Heart attack
  • Rosaccea
  • AIDS
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Acne
  • Depression

Symptoms

Cradle cap and dandruff are the common terms used to refer to Seborrheic Dermatitis. Newborn babies often get cradle cap, brown scales or crusty yellow on their scalp. Then it goes away before reaching a year old it might come back when they reach teenage years.

You may get it on your face, commonly on your eyelids, around your nose or even behind your ears. It may show up on the other body parts to like;

  1. Below the breasts
  2. On the buttocks
  3. In skin folds on legs and under arms
  4. Around the navel
  5. In the middle region of the chest

The skin can burn, itch, or even look red. The scales that crumble off might be yellowish or white and look oily or moist.

For it can appear like other skin conditions, one should see a dermatologist to get a right diagnosis and treatment. The dermatologist will carry tests on your skin.

Treatment

Sometimes, it will clear up by its self, it’s a lifelong issue that flares and clears. It can last for a long time even years, but one can manage it with good skin care.

For adults they can use a dandruff shampoo that contains any of the following key ingredients:

Ketoconazole, Coal tar, Zinc pyrithione, Selenium sulfide, Salicylic acid.

For infants they can scalp daily with baby shampoo and warm water. If this does not help talk with a pediatrician on medicated shampoo before you use one. A dandruff shampoo might irritate your baby.

  1. First soften the thick patches, then rub mineral oil onto the affected areas and gently brush with a hairbrush to peel off the scales.
  2. On the body and face, keep the affected regions clean, wash with water and soap daily. Sunlight can prevent the growth of the yeast on your skin, so outdoor exercises or being out door can make the rash to go away. Other treatments are such as: medicated shampoos, anti fungal products, sulfur products and corticosteroid lotions. The best results will come up as a result of both the lifestyle and medication.
    If the condition persists, or the affected areas become red, painful, pus starts to drain or even swollen, then what you need is to see your doctor immediately.

Hirsutism

Published by:

Hirsutism is defined as a disorder where women grow abnormal amounts of stiff, dark colored hair in areas where it is not normal for women to grow hair. Examples are the face, the chest and the back. While this can be distressing enough in and of itself, there are also a number of conditions that can cause it. Some of these conditions need to be addressed from a medical perspective in order to prevent additional complications from occurring.

Potential Causes

Many people that suffer from this particular condition have to deal with it because of one of two reasons. One of the most common reasons is because of hormone imbalances that cause the body to generate too much testosterone, or androgen, thereby causing excessive hair growth. In some cases, women deal with this because they have a hereditary disposition to grow more hair than normal. For some individuals, it is due to medications they are already taking for another condition and for some, the cause is never identified. In these cases, it is known as idiopathic hirsutism.

Other Medical Conditions

Certain individuals suffer from it because of more pressing medical conditions. In some cases, tumors can cause excessive hair growth, as can Cushing’s disease and polycystic ovary syndrome. Cushing’s disease can cause a number of other complications throughout the body and polycystic ovary syndrome can cause a woman to deal with fertility issues. In most cases, medications designed to manage these conditions will also manage the excessive hair growth by dealing with the problem that is causing it.

Additional Complications

Some people that suffer from severe hormone imbalances have to deal with a lot of additional complications as well. Examples are a changing voice, excessive acne, an enlarged clitoris and even going bald. Fortunately, treatment can usually be administered in these cases that cause the hormones to become more balanced throughout the body, thereby limiting the complications that could result.

Effective Methods of Eliminating Unwanted Hair

For anyone who is suffering from this condition and cannot find an underlying cause, it is relatively easy to manage. There are a number of procedures that can be done to limit the hair growth in unwanted areas, ranging from waxing to laser treatments. In some cases, special creams can be applied. Some women simply prefer to pull the hairs out with tweezers. However, this method can be time-consuming and also means that women will have to deal with it on a regular basis, doing it several times a week. Other treatments can be much more effective in limiting hair growth.

Summary

One thing is certain, no one wants to suffer from a condition like this because it can have a dramatic impact on a person’s confidence. If you or someone you know does suffer from the condition, it is important to find out if there is an underlying medical condition and then address it if one is found. Otherwise, addressing the excessive hair growth directly can help you manage it so that it no longer becomes an issue.

Ingrown Hairs

Published by:

Ingrown hair is hair that curls back and grows into the skin. It causes bumps that are similar to pimples. Ingrown hairs uncomfortable and ugly. It also gets sore and hurts at times.Ingrown hair appears on the chin, cheeks, or neck in men. Women experience the same on the legs, pubic area and armpits. Those who shave often mainly experience ingrown hair which can even occur in the buttocks.

The African-Americans, Latinos and those with thick or curly hair get a sort of ingrown hair named pseudo-folliculitis. The bumps mainly appear in the beard area after shaving, waxing, or tweezing to remove excess hair. Coarse hair grows back and stabs the skin. Thereafter, the hair gets trapped under the surface and becomes ingrown.When infected, ingrown hair leaves a scar or darkens the skin.

Causes of Ingrown Hair

  • Dead skin that blocks follicles: This prevents the hair from growing outwards
  • Curly and coarse hair that is cut too short: The sharp end curls down and pierces the skin
  • Certain sex hormones

How to Remove Ingrown Hair

  1. Leave it to go away on its own. With time, the bump disappears and the hair grows outward.
  2. Use hair removal cream.
  3. Use a sterile needle or scalpel to help the ingrown to come out. Do not cut the skin and be patient during the process.
  4. Use depilatory creams which dissolve the hair.
  5. Use a laser or electric current to perpetually eliminate the hair follicle.
  6. Use medication for example:
  • Steroid medicine which is applied on the skin to reduce swelling and itchiness
  • Retinoid that remove dead skin and lessen skin color changes resulting from ingrown hairs
  • Antibiotic which is administered through the mouth or rubbed onto skin to treat ingrown hair

Employ acne treatment methods to remove ingrown hairs. Use benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid more than once a day for some time. It reduces swelling and allows the hair to grow outwards. Also try aspirin technique or add a bit of toothpaste.

Use a moist compress on the section with ingrown hair. This softens the surface and makes it easy for the hair to come out. Apply for about ten minutes to determine if this method works on your skin.

Warm milk. Deep a slice of bread in it and place it on the area. Remove it when it cools in about 2 minutes. Repeat severally and check for opening of the pore.

Use egg membrane to cover the affected area. Then, pull it off when dry.

Preventing ingrown hair

  • Shave with warm water and lubricating gel
  • Delay shaving as much as possible
  • Ceremoniously rub the face daily using circular motion with a wet face towel or an exfoliating scrub to remove persistent ingrown hairs
  • Use a sharp, single-blade razor for shaves
  • Follow the direction of the hair growth during shaves
  • Use the minimal strokes while shaving
  • Wash the blade after each stroke
  • Leave some allowance from the skin while shaving
  • Hold electric razors above the surface of the skin
  • Use a cool face towel after-shaves to lessen irritation
  • Use salt, olive oil and sugar to exfoliate skin

Different methods may need to be employed in order to find one that best suits your situation.

How to Spot the Tell Tale Signs of Barber’s Itch

Published by:

For lots of men, a good mustache is a necessity. In fact, you only have to look at Hollywood stars like Tom Selleck, Timothy Dalton, or Clark Gable to realise just how much of an impact they can make. Can you imagine iconic mustache wearers like Charlie Chaplin or Einstein without their furry face warmers to keep them company?

The bottom line is that facial hair speaks of masculinity, power, and manly charisma. It can be a thing which separates the men from the boys, which singles out a guy as being confident and comfortable with his sexuality. On the other hand, facial hair can also be a source of frustration, stress, and hard work; it takes a lot of effort and grooming to keep a mustache or beard neat and tidy.

The Other Side of Facial Fuzz

Unfortunately, hard work is not the only thing which facial hair attracts because bacteria and fungus are a common cause of skin problems on and around the face for men. If bacteria make its way into hair follicles, it can result in a nasty condition called folliculitis. Whilst it is no threat to overall health, it looks extremely unsightly and can make the face sore, dry, and itchy.

The other common term for folliculitis is ‘barber’s itch,’ and this skin disorder can cause painful rashes, itchy sensations, visible redness, and even pus filled blisters if left without treatment. This condition (also called staphylococcal folliculitis) is actually a product of bacteria which exists on human skin pretty much all the time. This bacteria is completely harmless until it enters the body.

Learning How to Spot the Signs

So, if you have a cut or a lesion (as a result of shaving) the bacteria can invade the hair follicles and give a guy some real trouble. This is a fairly common ailment, and can be treated with a simple course of antibiotics. However, the bad news is that bacteria is not the only thing which can cause a nasty case of barber’s itch.

It is even more common, particularly for men with curly hair and bears, to contract barber’s itch as a result of curved hairs doubling back on themselves and growing into the skin. This is essentially an ingrown hair and they are not restricted to men – it just so happens that beards are the perfect environment for naughty hair follicles which do not want to follow the crowd.

This kind of barber’s itch is more common to guys who shave with basic razor blades, because razors actively sharpen the hair follicles, making it that much easier for them to pierce the skin instead of growing outwards. If left untreated, the condition can lead to minor facial scarring, so you really do want to get rashes on the face looked at by a doctor as soon as possible.

Finding a Way to Beat the Itch

It can help, particularly for men who are prone to barber’s itch, to switch to using electric shaving equipment. According to experts, the risk of contracting the skin condition is greatly reduced if you do not share towels with others, keep towels clean and laundered properly, and use a suitable lotion or cooling cream after shaving the face.

If you are unlucky enough to be struck with the dreaded barber’s itch, a routine course of antibiotics should be more than enough to get you back in tip-top condition. The important point to remember is that this is a common ailment, and there is nothing embarrassing about speaking to a doctor or nurse about the problem. If you want to live healthily, you have to be willing to put your face first.

Lice Aren’t Nice!

Published by:

What are Head lice?

They are tiny, whitish to brown organisms that reside on the skin casing the top of your scalp. They can also be found in the eyelashes and eyebrows. They spread from one person to another by close contact.

Causes

They infect the hair on your head. Tiny eggs on the hair resemble flakes of dandruff. But they don’t peel off the hair, they stay in that place. They can stay up to thirty days on the human hair. Their eggs can stay for more than two weeks. They easily spread more particularly amongst school kids. They are common in overcrowded, close living environments.

One can get them through:

  • Coming into close contact with someone who is infected
  • Touching bedding or clothing of a person who is infected.
  • Sharing of towels, combs, hats and brushes with a person who is infected.

They cause intense itching, but they never spread or carry diseases. For a person getting he4ad lice does not necessary mean that one has poor hygiene.

Symptoms of head lice include:

  • Intense itching of the scalp.
  • Small and red bumps on parts like; the neck, scalp, and shoulders.
  • Tiny white specks.

Exams and Tests

They are very hard to see. One needs to look closely. Look at the person’s head under bright light or use a magnifying lens.

To exam head lice:
  1. Part the hair down to the scalp.
  2. Look at the hair and scalp for eggs and moving lice.
  3. Examine the entire head this way.
  4. Examine closely around the top of the ears and neck.

Treatment

Hair shampoos and lotions containing 1% permethrin will often work well. Those medicines can be bought without a prescription. If this does not work see a doctor. The medicines should be used as directed. Using them always or in the wrong way can cause serious side effects.

To use the hair shampoo and lotion:
  1. Rinse and dry your hair.
  2. Apply the shampoo to the hair and scalp.
  3. Wait for ten minutes, and then wash it off.
  4. Check for hair lice again in 8-12 hours.

If you discover active lice or lice eggs, talk to your doctor before doing the next treatment.

Wash all bed linens and clothes with detergent in hot water during hair lice treatment. This will help to stop them from spreading to other people during the short duration that they can survive off the body. Also ask your doctor if someone who shares clothes or bedding with the infected person requires treatment to.

Prevention

Never share combs, hats, towels, clothing, hair brushes, hairpieces and bedding with an infected person.
If your children are infected, make sure that you check the policies at daycare and schools. A number of places do not permit infected children to be in school up to the time when the lice are fully treated.
Many schools may have policies to ensure that the environment is free of hair lice. Cleaning of floors, carpets, and other surfaces regularly helps prevent the spread of every type of infections, even head lice.

Compulsive Hair Pulling

Published by:

Have you ever known somebody that suffers from compulsive hair pulling? Perhaps you have known someone or maybe you have even suffered from it yourself. The truth is, this disorder is far more prevalent than most people think it is. People pull their hair compulsively for all kinds of reasons.

Sometimes it is due to a medical problem and sometimes it is a psychological issue. Still other people do it because it is their only coping mechanism after some type of severe physical or emotional trauma that they have suffered. The most important thing to remember is that people that do it feels such a strong need to do it that they simply can’t refrain from pulling their own hair. Instead, it is important to get qualified therapy in order to help them overcome this problem.

Reasons People Pull Their Hair Compulsively

While it is true that it may be due to a medical problem, at least to a certain extent, the overwhelming majority of individuals that pull their hair in this fashion do it because of some type of mental or emotional issue that they are going through. It could be a psychological problem that stems from early childhood or it could be due to something that happened to them later in life.

Many times, it is something that happens when a person is struggling to feel accepted and they feel out of control. They start pulling their hair because this is one thing that they can control. It is similar to an eating disorder or cutting oneself, only instead the hair is being pulled.

What Can Be Done

Fortunately, anybody that suffers from this disorder does not have to suffer through it alone. The obvious first step is to get professional help. The place where a lot of people run into roadblocks is because they feel shame because they pull their hair, therefore they do not want anyone to know. This means that they usually do it in secret until the problem becomes so bad that people start to notice that they are essentially going bald. Once it gets to this point, it is vitally important that the individual in question gets the necessary help because it will be virtually impossible for them to stop without it.

Things To Look For

If you think someone that is close to you might be doing this, there are a few things that you can look out for. Many times, a certain behavior such as isolating oneself coupled with feelings of worthlessness can tip you off that something is going on, especially if the individual starts wearing some type of cover on their head all the time. If you do notice that it appears they are losing their hair, it is definitely time to act but direct confrontation may do more harm than good.

Summary

The most important thing to remember is that hair pulling can manifest itself for a number of reasons. The best thing you can do is provide emotional support and help them into a treatment program. It may be difficult to accomplish, but it is worth it.

Dandruff

Published by:

Dandruff is a skin disorder that affects the scalp. It causes itchiness and flakes of dry skin to fall off. The flakes are whitish in color. It is not a serious medical condition but is embarrassing to have them. It implies bad grooming when that is not necessarily the case. Dandruff is not a transmissible condition.

Dandruff is common and affects about 50 percent of the population. This condition mostly occurs after puberty and is present to the middle age. It affects all races and is predominant in men than women. The majority with dandruff have no internal or immune problems.

Causes

The scalp sheds off dead skins as new cells are created. Excessive shedding of skin is noticeable and is what is referred to as dandruff. The shedding comes about due to various reasons. These reasons include:

  • Overemployment of hair products
  • Infrequent washing of hair and scalp
  • Anxiety
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis: this is a skin condition that affect body areas with hair, the face, and ears
  • Ringworms
  • Suppression of the immune system due to chemotherapy and HIV virus
  • Allergy sensitivity

Treatment

a) Anti-dandruff shampoo

Treatment is available over the counter in the form of anti-dandruff shampoo. The effectiveness of the shampoo depends on one’s skin. Try different shampoos until you get one that works.Shampoo should have any of the components below for it to be effective:

Rub the shampoo in the hair while washing. Leave for the recommended minutes, normally five. Then rinse off completely to avoid irritation. Massage the scalp but do not scratch it. Scratching damages the hair and scalp and increases dandruff.

b) Prescription shampoo

See a specialist if your shampoo does not work in a few weeks. The GP may recommend a prescription shampoo.Seborrhoeic dermatitis requires medication.

c) Lotion and creams

Lotions and creams with cortisone help reduce inflammation. Anti-fungal creams lessen the number of yeast organism in the skin and require daily application. Sunlight also affects the bacterium. Sunny weather, therefore, helps diminish dandruff.

d) Brush hair

Brush hair from the scalp upwards. Use steady strokes in order to remove oil from the scalp.

e) Lessen use of some hair products

Evade using hair products such as hairspray and gel until dandruff clears. Also use less of dyes.

Effects

Hair loss results when dandruff extends to become thick patches. The hair grows back if the scar is not severe.
Treatments that do not work

Moisturizing: Lotions that moisturize make plaques look more sore.
Changing antiperspirants: Using a different antiperspirant does not help seborrhea. Antiperspirants are not the cause for the condition but make it look worse.

Conclusion
Several methods to deal with dandruff are recommended by different cultures, but they have not been proven to work. Some of these include the use of homemade concoctions. In India and China, for example, they use egg oil to treat dandruff.

 

References:
1) United State Food and Drug Administration - Controlling Dandruff - Audrey T. Hingley - www.fda.gov
2) International Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements (IBIDS) - National Institutes of Health (NIH) - Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) - USDA Agricultural Research Service - National Agricultural Library (NAL) - December 2002 - grande.nal.usda.gov/ibids/index.php
This summary is a general overview about the topic discussed and does not include all the facts, or include everything there is to know about any medicine and/or products mentioned. Do not use any medicine and/or products without first talking to your doctor. Possible side effects of medications, other than those listed, may occur. Full Disclaimer and General Safety Advisory

Hair Removal – Shaving

Published by:

10134537425_86a49222ea_n

10134537425_86a49222ea_nIn contrast to the promotion of bodily hair growth, contemporary society is supporting hair removal and the various associated techniques. One of the most common methods to remove body hair is shaving due its ease and low cost. Furthermore, many of the alternate techniques can cause allergic reactions and other detrimental side effects.

All You Need To Know About Shaving As Hair Removal Technique

This article will provide information on shaving as a hair removal technique; as well as, the most effective way to do it.

Is It The Best Option?

As mentioned above, shaving is a much less costly method to hair removal and presents with fewer side effects. Of course, the side effects vary from individual to individual and the majority of users do not experience any side effects at all. Another factor that contributes to shaving being an effective hair removal technique is its lack of smell and chemicals. Hair removal lotions and waxing have a particular odor that can be unpleasant. It is also less painful than waxing or lotions with far less difficulty in application.

What Is The Most Effective Procedure?

Shaving is a simple hair removal technique that can be completed by any individual; however, there are certain steps to complete in order to conduct a fully successful shave without any razor burns. The first step is to soften the hair shaft. This can be done by soaking the area to be shaved in warm or hot water. A soft hair is much easier to trim than a harder shaft.

The next step that must be considered is the speed of shaving. The majority of individuals will shave in a hurry during a shower or bath; however, this can cause after burn and ingrown hairs. Instead, it is recommended that one apply a shaving lotion to the specific area to prepare the hair. After leaving the lotion or ointment on the area for a couple of minutes, it is advised that one shave in firm and slow strokes. It is very important that one does not drag the razor repeatedly over an area as this can contribute to ingrown hairs. It is also important that one rinse the blade after each swipe to ensure a clean cut.

Once you’re done, rinse the area with warm water to remove any residue. One should also complete a final splash of cold water on the shaved area to tighten pores and soothe any irritations. It is recommended that one apply body lotion or oils to the area after drying to maintain soft and supple skin.

Is Shaving The Best Option For Long Term Hair Removal?

Shaving is effective; however it is not a long term solution. Dependent on the individual, a clean shave can last approximately one or two weeks. To provide a long term solution, it is necessary to shave the area frequently. A more beneficial option for the long term is that of electrolysis.

Final Words On The Matter

Hair removal can be a tricky task and there are various treatments available to suit the individual. The information above will assist in a decision of whether shaving is the best option for one’s needs.

 

photo credit: Merkur Safety Razor via photopin (license)